FAQs on human trafficking in Nepal
27 April 2012
What is human trafficking?
Caritas Nepal runs awareness-raising sessions so that people will be wary of fast-cash offers. Caritas also pays school fees for teenagers like this one, so that teenagers do not drop out of school. Dropouts are particularly vulnerable to traffickers.
Human trafficking is a crime in which traffickers deceive and recruit people, often across national borders, for the purpose of exploitation (forced labour, beggary, prostitution or removal of organs). Traffickers often lure impoverished victims with false promises of good jobs. When a person is working against their will, is not being paid, and is unable to leave--or if the conditions of their work are not regulated--they may be victims of trafficking.
Where is Nepal and what is happening in Nepal?
Nepal is an extremely poor country on the northeast border with India. Due to poverty and lack of jobs, many Nepali people consider working abroad to earn money for their families.
What kinds of fake jobs are being offered?
Unscrupulous employment agents in Nepal might offer teenage girls work as a housemaid, or offer to make them a movie star in India. Other agents offer men construction jobs in the Middle East or Malaysia. They offer married women jobs in the Middle East as maids.
Sometimes the overseas jobs go well, but sometimes poor people are tricked into situations where they are forced to work for free. Many Nepali men have suffered in abusive, poorly paid jobs overseas. Some Nepali women who work as maids for a family in the Middle East are beaten and raped by their employers. Thousands of Nepali women have been taken to India and forced into unpaid maid work or unpaid prostitution.
How is Caritas working to change the situation?
Caritas Nepal runs awareness campaigns in remote areas to warn people about dubious job offers. Caritas pays school fees for teenagers who might be tempted or pressured to drop out of school to earn money for their families, and whose lack of experience makes them vulnerable to traffickers. Caritas gives small loans to mothers who were considering going abroad as housemaids; the women use the loans to start businesses like roadside tea shops.
What can I do to help?
RESOURCESAnnual Report 2011How Caritas works: Women and Migration Comitment on TraffickingCaritas Internationalis Statement for UNHCR Annual Consultation Migration and human trafficking on Caritas blogAdvocacy Paper for COATNET affiliatesStatement for the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD)Message of Pope Benedict for World Day of Migrants and Refugees 2013 Caritas statement on right to health for migrant children
NEWSCOATNET statement HRC 2010Report on prevention of human traffickingCOATNET statement for the European Antitrday