Pope Francis met with Church workers on the crisis in Syria and Iraq 29 September in the Vatican. There were representatives of 40 Catholic aid agencies and Churches engaged there in humanitarian operations, including Caritas organisations.
Sixty million people were either refugees or forcibly displaced in 2015. Martina Liebsch, head of policy and advocacy at Caritas Internationalis, looks at why such large movements of people are challenging nations and individuals.
Elvine, 37, paid 6,000 Euro to people smugglers to make the tough journey through the desert from Cameroon to Libya, passing through Chad, Niger, Mali and Libya. She was heading for Tripoli where a family friend had offered to give her refuge.