Women and trafficking
Courses against trafficking: The courses in sewing and computers by Caritas Austria help young girls in Moldavia earn their own money and prevent them from the risk of trafficking.
Trafficking in human beings is defined as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring, or receipt of persons by means of threat or use of force and other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or position, or vulnerability.
It is also defined as the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person for the purpose of exploitation.
Already in 1949 the international community recognised the need for a joint approach to combat trafficking in human beings through a UN Convention. In 2000 this was further expanded to include the fight against trans-national organised crime with the so-called Palermo Protocol (see Part 5.3 for more details). However, it is important to keep in mind the general lack of support system for the victims of human trafficking.
Overall vulnerability is the main reason poor girls and women fall victim to trafficking.
Most of the women and children who are trafficked are done so for sexual exploitation. Addressing the demand side of this exploitation in an effective way calls for a gender-sensitive approach that goes beyond mere condemnation.
There seems to be a global increase in the trafficking of men for exploitation in labour intensive production that can be defined as slavery or similar to slavery.
The Caritas Confederation has established a guiding policy document on how to address trafficking in countries of origin, transit, and receipt, and at international level. We refer to this in regard to counter-trafficking programmes.
In activities related to advocacy on trafficking, the following international structures are relevant:
RESOURCESInforme Anual 2010El modo en que Caritas trabaja: Mujeres y migraciónDescripción del EquipoMigration calendar 2011 El compromiso en la lucha contra la trata de seres humanos Declaración de Caritas Internationalis para las Consultas anuales de ACNUR – ONGs 2010El Derecho a la Salud para Niños Migrantes
NEWSCOATNET statement HRC 2010Report on prevention of human traffickingCOATNET statement for the European Antitrday
FEATURES Women and Migration: an Overview Pope Benedict XVI for young migrants Caritas Internationalis contribution to the UN on International migration Women and trafficking Caritas statement on human trafficking Root causes of Human Trafficking Religious orders and Caritas condemn global slavery of human trafficking Church teaching on trafficking COATNET Key Caritas partners on Women and Migration