Women and Migration: an Overview
Caritas Lebanon Migrant Centre is internationally recognised for its work with women.
Migration has always been part of human history. However, a phenomenon that has increased over the last three or four decades is that of one family member leaving the country in search of employment, either temporarily or with the intention of reuniting with their family in the new country at a later date.
The most common employment opportunities for women are in areas where just treatment must be assured for them out of respect for their gender and in recognition of their equal rights.
The gender pattern of current migration varies from country to country depending on the level of development in the country being left behind.
There is a growing number of women migrants who end up in domestic work, caring for the sick and elderly, and working in hotel and other service sectors – sectors that are increasingly being de-regularized, which makes employees even more vulnerable.
For a long time, the issue of women migrants has been low on the international policy agenda. In 2006, the United Nations system focused on the feminization of migration, dedicating its State of World Population report to women and international migration. It also organized a high level Dialogue on International Migration and Development, offering a crucial opportunity for the voices of migrant women to be heard.
Whether migrants are women or men, there are gender-related effects in both the departing and receiving countries that are relevant to the work of Caritas:
RESOURCESInforme Anual 2010El modo en que Caritas trabaja: Mujeres y migraciónDescripción del EquipoMigration calendar 2011 El compromiso en la lucha contra la trata de seres humanos Declaración de Caritas Internationalis para las Consultas anuales de ACNUR – ONGs 2010El Derecho a la Salud para Niños Migrantes
NEWSCOATNET statement HRC 2010Report on prevention of human traffickingCOATNET statement for the European Antitrday
FEATURES Women and Migration: an Overview Pope Benedict XVI for young migrants Caritas Internationalis contribution to the UN on International migration Women and trafficking Caritas statement on human trafficking Root causes of Human Trafficking Religious orders and Caritas condemn global slavery of human trafficking Church teaching on trafficking COATNET Key Caritas partners on Women and Migration