How traffickers “work”
People fall into the hands of traffickers in a number of ways. Sometimes they are kidnapped, but most often victims are lured with phony job offers. Traffickers entice people to migrate voluntarily with false promises of well-paying jobs in foreign countries as domestic workers, models, dancers, au pairs, prostitutes, etc. Crime gangs often use marriage agency databases and match-making parties to find victims. However, patterns for recruitment are changing all the time. While in the past the recruitment process was facilitated by newspaper ads and anonymous agencies, nowadays the initial contact is rather made by acquaintances, friends or even relatives, who refer on to other persons. Traffickers often approach people directly with offers of lucrative jobs or other opportunities elsewhere. After providing transportation and false documentation (passports, visas, work contracts, etc.), they subsequently charge exorbitant fees for those services, as well as for working space, accommodation, food, clothes, thus creating a debt bondage which is very difficult to pay off. At present traffickers tend to use threats and psychological demoralisation instead of physical force to control their victims.